你每天蹲的廁所背後,有一段秘密往事…


審稿專家:羅天明

北京大學基礎醫學院博士後

參考文獻

[1]Wald, C. The secret history of ancient toilets. Nature 533, 456C458 (2016). https:https://doi.org/10.1038/533456a

[2]Antoniou, GP & Angelakis, AN in Sanitation, Latrines and Intestinal Parasites in Past Populations (ed. Mitchell, PD) 41C68 (Routledge, 2015).

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[3]Mitchell, PD Parasitology http:https://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0031182015001651 (2016).

[4] The British Association of Urological Surgeons. (2021) APA citation. A Brief History of The Flush Toilet. Retrived from https:https://www.baus.org.uk/museum/164/a_brief_history_of_the_flush_toilet

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[5] Tynkkynen K. Lontoon nelj 1800-luvun koleraepidemiaa [Four cholera epidemics in nineteenth-century London]. Hippokrates (Helsinki). 1995;12:62-88.

[6]Tulchinsky TH. John Snow, Cholera, the Broad Street Pump; Waterborne Diseases Then and Now. Case Studies in Public Health. 2018;77-99.

[7]Ferriman A. BMJ readers choose the 「sanitary revolution」 as greatest medical advance since 1840 BMJ 2007; 334 :111

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作者:張小乙、老藤

編輯:張小乙、趙亞楠、張亮

校對:武宜和| 排版:李永敏

運營:韓寧寧| 統籌:吳維

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